Wednesday Jan 03, 2024

چهارم: عثمانی

در این قسمت مروری می‌کنیم بر تاریخ اصلاحات در عثمانی و ظهور حکومت مشروطه در این کشور.

نقل قولهای مستقیم این قسمت از این منبع بود:

  • روزنامه اختر، چاپ استانبول

منابع برای مطالعه بیشتر:

  • A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire, by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
  • The Emergence of Modern Turkey, by Bernard Lewis
  • The Genesis of Young Ottoman Thought, by Şerif Mardin
  • The First Ottoman Experiment with Democracy, edited by Christoph Herzog and Malek Sharif
  • Empire and Education under the Ottomans, by Emine Evered
  • The Young Ottomans: Turkish Critics of the Eastern Question in the Late Nineteenth Century, by Nazan Çiçek

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